THE HISTORY PLACES OF GURIA

 

Principality of Guria (Georgian გურიის სამთავრო) – State in the territory of the historical region of Guria in western Georgia in XIV – beg. XIX centuries.

Operates one of the branches of the dynasty Vardanidze-Dadiani known as Gurieli. In addition to Guria, in the Principality of Guria included Acar (Ajaria) with the city of Batumi. In the XV-XVIII centuries. rulers Principality of Guria, with varying success have been fighting with the Ottoman Empire over its southern province. In the middle of the XVI century Ottoman troops conquered the region Chanet (Lazistan) and invaded Acar. In 1609, Gurian princes returned to Batumi, but in the XVIII century. Acar from Batumi, Kobuleti and Gino were conquered by the Turks. During the anti-Ottoman wars and strife Principality of Guria fell into decay, resulting in his re-princes became vassals of the kings of Imereti.

 

After the accession of Georgia to Russia (1801) between the Russian Empire and Gurian prince Mamiey V 19 June 1810 was awarded a contract under which the Principality of Guria passed under Russian

protectorate, and declared self-governing possession. But in 1828 during the reign of the last prince of David Gurieli autonomy of the principality was finally abolished.

Currently, Guria has many attractions, from which we offer you a look monastery complex Shemokmedi, Dzhiheti monastery, churches Jumat and Lihauri.